Indentured Servitude Research Paper
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Investigating Indentured Servitude
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However the topic of acquiring land also includes Virginia Headrights. Further explanations are at this site and includes this statement : In , after European immigrants became harder and harder to attract, the colony began to sell "headrights" allowing people to claim 50 acres for 5 shillings. At the start of the 18th Century, Virginia shifted from the headrights system and allowed individuals to purchase 50 acres for 5 shillings, substantially reducing the price of Virginia land. By the late s the cost of land had apparently escalated. At that rate 50 acres would cost 25 shillings.
See Money and Denominations. The daily income for unskilled laborers in England did not much exceed a shilling a day. Is there information on the names of these people? Inc, which contains an alphabetical list of men and women transported in this period. An introduction to this book and a list of related Phelps is at the Southern Phelps Research web site and can be viewed here. The list includes nine Phelps from to This multiple volume set is available in some libraries, including my local small town genealogical library. Web sites of interest. Books you may want to read. Smith, Abbot E.
Lois Green Carr and Russell R. Tate and David L. Ammerman, eds. Morgan, Edmund S. Sharon V. The following is a very partial list of primary sources of the book Bound for America: The Transportation of British Convicts to the Colonies, Alderman Library, University of Virginia, Charlottesville. John Hook Papers. Harry Piper Letter Book. Prentis Papers, Documents, Colonial Williamsburg Inc. Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Aadditional Manuscripts,? London photocopies. Maryland Hall of Records, Annapolis. Annapolis Mayor's Court Proceedings. Anne Arundel County Convict Record. Kent County Bonds and Indentures. Kent County Inventories. Maryland Inventories and Accouts. Maryland Shipping Returns. Maryland Wills.
Provincial Court Judgements. Queen Anne's County Land Records. Maryland Historical Society. Thomas Cable Letterbook. Carroll-Maccubbln Papers. Cheston-Galloway Papers. Massachusetts Historical Society. Boston Matthew Ridlev Collection. VIrginia State Library, Richmond. Fairfax County Order Books microfilm. John Hook Letters. The Chesapeake Bay was mostly settled by men who were unrelated and indentured servants according to Document C. No one really talked to anyone everyone was trying to make it through the rough conditions. For example the Indentured Servants came to the New World to pay off debt and therefore was only focused on that.
No one was really concerned with the idea of starting a family. On the other hand, The New England Colonies was mostly settled by families who had children and were trying to secure a future for their children according to Document B. The families brought the community together mainly because everyone was there for each and other and shared their problems to other people. Everyone had the same goal of building a community, everyone was on the same page which ultimately helped build the sense of community the Chesapeake Bay was lacking. Social Ranking can sometimes tear Here he's trying to say that the people of Virginia donot reflect the same ideals and values of England.
Most of the people that came to Virginia werefresh out of the wars in Ireland or were roughnecks or sea captains looking to get rich quick in Virginia. Breen describes the colonists that came to Jamestown as tough, individualistic, and willing to exploit people and resources The people of Virginia were willing to do whatever it took to make a quick buck. They exploited the land for tobacco and exploited the use of indentured servants and later slavery to do their work for them.
The people that colonized Virginia did not live close together like inhabitants of most other colonies. I think he means that the people were physically seperated and this led to more and more feelings of individualism because unlike in other colonies the people were not able to have much of a feel for community or group preservation even. They were merely interested in takingcare of themselves. It was more than just an individualistic approach, there was definitely amoney-above-all ideology in the colony of Virginia On one hand, the puritans, who colonized the New England, were very religious.
They wanted to create a model society in which there were limits to legitimate commercial behavior, and the religious idealism would turn into a renewed sense of community. They were very strict in their religious beliefs. The Chesapeake region took a different approach, and did not put religion at the center of life. In the Chesapeake, religion was much less severe. These was the difference between two region. The second difference between the two settlements was economy.
Rice, indigo, tobacco, sugarcane, and cotton were cash crops. Crops were grown on large plantations where slaves and indentured servants worked the land. Fishing was most important to the New England economy. Farming was difficult in New England for crops like wheat because of the poor soil. As can be seen the economic sources was different between the two region. The last difference between the two settlements was climate. New England endured bitterly cold winters and mild summers. Land was flat close to the coastline but became hilly and mountainous farther inland. Soil was generally rocky, making farming difficult. Cold winters reduced the spread of disease. In the Cheasapeak region enjoyed warm climate with hot summers and mild winters.
The soil was perfect for farming and the growing These societies varied in community and family life, but some similarities arose. In this time indentured servants were also widely used. This led to tension and conflict. This conflict though initiated a flourish of slave use in the in the Chesapeake Bay. These New England societies were very highly involved with educated their colonists. Education began at an early age. Massachusetts even made it a rule that if a town had more than 50 houses a teacher was required to teach the children. They were so involved in education they even founded Harvard in Harvard originally started as a ministry school to train men to be ministers.
This stress on education was very important and had a huge impact on the literacy in New England. Compared to other colonies they had a high rate of individuals who could sign their names. Community life was also very important to New England societies and was set up in a unique way. All the towns were organized in the same way. As time went on the gap between the rich and the poor, who were mostly freed servants, became larger and. The system of Indenture and Indentured servants was introduced in Colonial America to meet the growing demand for cheap, plentiful labor in the colonies.
The indentured servants worked for no wage; instead they worked for basic necessities such as food, clothing and a place to live. Even though slaves existed in the English Colonies. In the current day, one could argue that both are preposterous notions, however for the time, was either beneficial for anyone? Looking back on how to country developed following this time, through the years of slavery in the civil war, it may look like the only people to benefit from slavery or having an indentured servant, is the owner. Despite how either has looked throughout many of the eras of this country, being an indentured servant had very good. Since tobacco required intensive hand labor all year round, indentured servants have become vital to the colonial economy.
The role of an indentured servant in the s was not a glamorous one. They came to the New World knowing that, for a time, they would be slaves for someone they did not know and the risk of disease and death was high, but the opportunity that laid ahead of them after their time of servitude was worth everything to these settlers of the New World. They came to America for the same reasons as all of the other settlers. Religious freedom, land, wealth, and a new start were motives for both settlers. Slavery and indentured servitude were the primary means of help for the wealthy in America. Either as a slave or as an indentured servant a person was required to work in the fields maintain crops, as a house servant or as the owner of debtor so chooses.
The treatment of both was very similar, but the method and means to which they came to America were uniquely different as the following examples will illustrate.