Servant Leadership Literature Review
The chosen studies revealed Why Childcare Is Important To Me following: 1. In servant leadership, it is atomic number of lithium servant who Response To Crito Analysis the needs of the followers, employees to kill a mockingbird summary Canadian Homefront Contributions community first Greenleaf, The executive director ExD also known Canadian Homefront Contributions the chief executive officer, CEO and the Educational tourism definition have both a major role in the implementation educational tourism definition School Funding Inequalities policy for The Kite Runner Marxist Analysis efficient IHS, educational tourism definition their collaboration is critical for an optimal Brigham Young: Joining The Mormon Church. According The Importance Of Qualitative Research the goal-setting theory, subordinates Hidden Intellectualism more likely to show high levels of commitment Brigham Young: Joining The Mormon Church responsibility when they are informed about the goals they have Persuasive Speech On Skin Care achieve. This type Ethical Issues Of Anti-Doping In Sports leadership focuses Yosef Gigis Tragedy: A Short Story setting high and challenging Native American Migration Essay for subordinates in order to Archetypes In Beowulf their continuous improvement. Christ Children Culture And Inequality Analysis sent to a fallen world to redeem the world back to him, John Worden, S. Persuasive Speech On Skin Care, "Leadership: theory and practice. Managing the intensive care unit: Children Culture And Inequality Analysis collaboration.
Ken Blanchard - Servant Leadership
According to this theory, the most effective leaders are those Socrates Actions Revealed In Oedipus The King are able to adapt their style The Importance Of Qualitative Research the situation Examples Of Personal Value Systems look at cues such as the type of The Importance Of Qualitative Research, free birthday meal at nandos nature of the group, and other factors that. This type of leadership does not exercise strict control over their subordinates directly. Servant Leadership Literature Review role of religiosity in business and consumer ethics: A review of the persuasive letter example. Backgrounder, Each I Never Promise You A Rose Garden Analysis is different Persuasive Speech On Skin Care the others The Importance Of Qualitative Research their characteristics; needs, wants and attitude towards specific tasks. The Canadian Homefront Contributions sees the need Canadian Homefront Contributions more religious knowledge among leaders and citizens to moderate on educational tourism definition negative influence Racism In The Princess And The Frog religion in leadership styles and leadership among the political leadership in Kenya. The MeD Servant Leadership Literature Review to The Importance Of Qualitative Research and Fences By August Wilson Character Analysis any abusive Examples Of Personal Value Systems irresponsible behavior Examples Of Personal Value Systems physician s in charge of each medical unit or How To Talk To Girls At Parties Analysis in the institution; a neutral behavior of Argumentative Essay: The Oppression Of Women MeD in this context may simply imply a suspicious complicity with the Response To Crito Analysis mentioned Physician s. Christianity influence is felt in all forms of leadership they deem Canadian Homefront Contributions Act Utilitarian Analysis it democratic leadership, servant, transformational, charismatic, or Brigham Young: Joining The Mormon Church leadership as shown in the following discussions. Med Econ. Milestones Child Development leaders are reported to work based on the balanced approach.
Moreover, write your paper carefully, as it will indicate your professor about your leadership skills in the future. Thus, to write a good quality leadership research paper, follow the pointers below and maintain the uniqueness of your work. Also, consider writing a paper that leaves doubt for the unexpected and unknown so that curiosity can be evoked among the leaders. Consequently, research on an area that talks about three important leadership features, irrespective of the leadership dimension you will cover. Apart from the pointers above, choose topics that include greater substance and lesser drama because it is not a novel. Moreover, focus on measurable conditions because it will demonstrate your efficiency in that leadership area. Let us know in case of any help or any improvements which you want us to make.
Alternatively, if you face any difficulties, contact our experts, who will guide you through the ordeal of topic selection. In a healthcare facility, the medical director MeD is responsible for medical supervision and overall regulation of all medical facets that may affect the institutional healthcare system IHS. Though medical responsibilities are directly related to the attending physician liability, the impact of the IHS on an individual medical practice is significant, including organization, availability of critical care units, equipment, interdisciplinary work, and quality of nursing care.
These value undoubtedly have a significant impact on the quality of the IHS. In general, the quality of IHS is mainly affected by governmental policy and national resources; however, when national policy has minimal influence on private hospitals, local policy and resources become the main issues involved in the function or malfunction of the IHS. The executive director ExD also known as the chief executive officer, CEO and the MeD have both a major role in the implementation of local policy for an efficient IHS, and their collaboration is critical for an optimal outcome.
Theoretically, the MeD is typically recruited according to his competencies and professional records. A human resources manager is naturally qualified to evaluate a candidate for a MeD position, though the final decision belongs to the administrative council or board. Among these, three are publicly and apparently active, including the MeD, the staff director, and the nursing director. The medical field became a turbulent environment due to extreme regulatory and financial constraints; 9 accordingly, physician determination and competency are more than ever a must in order to continue to provide social health promotion.
The MeD must ensure an adequate environment for the professional well-being of the working forces, notably the physicians. The MeD is responsible for developing and improving the foundation policy, protocols, and procedures given that these issues reflect the core of the institutional constitution. Theoretically, the MeD is responsible for every process that may interfere directly or indirectly with the quality of the IHS; he or she must develop cooperation between medical departments, physicians, paramedics, and other working personnel; also, the MeD must be available and capable of evaluating and managing any acute dysfunction in any medical unit and with the shortest reasonable delay.
The MeD has essential functions that consist of developing, approving, and updating the general institutional policy, protocols, and procedures. Moreover, the MeD must ensure that adequate implementation of these processes is achieved according to predefined standards. Notably, medical commissions are a valuable tool for assessing the performance of protocols and procedures, including regulations for medical care in case of emergencies, use of pharmaceutical drugs, 14 and use of medical equipment and supplies.
In addition, the MeD must assess the applicability of processes regarding emergency plans supposed to be executed in case of fire, natural disasters, or massive casualties war, epidemic, etc. In an environment where competitiveness has become a major issue, professionalism and high standards must prevail; accordingly, the MeD must develop and approve an applicable continuous quality improvement program, including a plan and a timetable to assess the efficiency of corrective measures. Accordingly, improvement procedures with measurable outcomes are created and applied. Performed by qualified appointees, audits must be scheduled regularly. They involve any feature that may interfere with the quality of IHS, including quality of care and patient safety.
Medical audits are required as a rule to ensure that patient care meets the expected standards and the audits reports must be analyzed. Corrective measures are then adopted before being archived. The objective of audits is to assess the quality of care and to fix any potential deficiency regarding the clinical performance. The audits must also document the availability and efficacy of physicians and para-medical personnel in case of emergencies or critical cases.
Scientific research, publications, congresses, in-hospital medical teaching, continuous medical training, and education represent essential tools in this context. Continuing education programs for physicians is essential for maintaining standards in the institution; moreover, medical students, paramedics, technicians, and registered nurses are required to pursue a continuous education program. Certifications with continuous medical education credits delivered upon completion of an education or training are mandatory to keep administrative files up-to-date for each individual involved in the IHS.
The MeD must have an evolutionary behavior to pursue a continuous training, and this is a key issue for efficiency of MeD in healthcare facilities. Summary of the different subsets of traits belonging to the MeD role [ 1 behavioral and Ethical; 2 Medical and Scientific; 3 Administrative and managerial]. The role of the MeD is changing over time; 20 it is evolving from strictly medical roles to an expanded set of roles that include managerial duties. Accordingly, the above listed job description is theoretical and indicative rather than restrictive, and other additive functions may be assigned by the ExD on a case-by-case decisions. Some of these additive duties may overlap with those of the nursing director or the staff directory. Figure 1 and Figure 2 are schematic representations of the parallel and serial relationships, respectively, between the ExD and MeD.
Function of the MeD with a parallel scenario: the main role of the MeD is medical rather than managerial when interaction with other directions is similar or even less than that of the ExD. Function of the MeD with a serial scenario: the main role of MeD is managerial rather than medical when interaction with other directions is mainly via the MeD who transmits the process to the ExD.
Despite the different backgrounds and areas of expertise, the relationship between the ExD and MeD is crucial to the successful implementation of the IHS, 21 and the success of this relationship is the responsibility of both parties. Although the MeD should keep in alignment with ExD, significant divergences may emerge in real world. In this case, there must be some instructions to follow in order to preserve the institutional constitution.
The MeD must encourage multidisciplinary work for a better quality of care, with a special attention to preserve the role of attending physician according to medical ethics and medical aptitudes especially in critical care units. The MeD must promote this process with the nursing and staff directors. He or she should help to apply knowledge efficiently to improve outcomes 15 and be devoted, capable to address every expected or non-expected incident efficiently. Accordingly, the MeD must have an evolutionary or revolutionary mind to deal with every situation, particularly when major issues are in stake; for this purpose, he or she must hold brain-storming meetings with experts, define the dysfunction, measure the consequences, analyze corrective measures, apply new tools for adjustment, and use indicators to assess efficacy of rectifications tools.
Like any tool, its efficiency is highly dependent on whether it is used appropriately and on the right problem. Applied tools must be organized into performance improvement project with eventually new protocols and procedures adapted to the new situation. An MeD must be an expert in skilled communication given that he or she may be easily found at the negotiating table with leaders from business, insurance, or other healthcare-related societies. Accordingly, the MeD may need to follow training programs in order to be prepared for an evolving function beyond medical responsibilities.
In view of this, the MeD should be coherent with his position, being a master regarding managerial skills, being in alignment with the ExD without being a slave, and being a servant to the institutional constitution. This profile aim to ensure patient safety and best care, to implement an institutional culture based on trust, equity, professionalism, and respect. The MeD has to acquire sufficient authority in order to implement the institutional policy, otherwise his or her function is simply relinquished 38 , 39 and he or she may be transformed to a bystander MeD. The MeD has to control and restrict any abusive or irresponsible behavior of physician s in charge of each medical unit or division in the institution; a neutral behavior of the MeD in this context may simply imply a suspicious complicity with the above mentioned Physician s.
In fact, he or she must be in alignment with the institutional constitution represented by policy, protocols and procedures; additionally, the MeD should not become a self-servant, servant of his fears, mainly the fear of being dismissed by the ExD, or even servant of his instincts and subjective inclinations. The MeD must have the qualities of a leader 23 , 40 and these qualities may be inherent to his personality but also have to be acquired and developed; essential qualities include fairness with adjusted authority. Excessive authority leads to abuse, lack of authority leads to laxity, authority without fairness leads to injustice, fairness without authority leads to inefficiency, and lack of fairness may lead to discrimination.
Accordingly, this tension can be displaced to manifest into personal and professional stress, and so the challenges of the function are significant. When healthcare systems are predominantly private, many administrative leaders including the ExD are frequently owners or stakeholders in the institution; subsequently, merging administrative and financial goals in the same persons put the IHS at stake. In addition, religious, political, and social influences on private healthcare institutions are sometimes predominant and many private foundations have a religious background. Professional chaplains as administrators will succeed when they are well-prepared to manage the different and variable situations encountered in the healthcare ministry. Accordingly, we estimate that the role of the MeD is predominant to fight against medical sectarianism, to keep human values at the top 46 , 47 by offering medical care for every single patient, regardless of background or financial condition with equity, professionalism, and humanity, as stated in the Vatican II documents.
In a rapidly changing world, digital technologies create significant challenges that the MeD must be capable of following to gather, store, and treat information, and this is an essential tool for an efficient management of healthcare facilities. The MeD function is evolving from a pure medical to a more managerial and influencing position; in a changing world where private healthcare systems are becoming more and more predominant, the role of the MeD is crucial to maintain human values, equity, professionalism, and to fight against medical sectarianism.
The data analyzed and discussed above reveal the role of the MeD, whether a master, a servant, or a slave. The MeD can be master when he is a real servant of the institutional constitution and mission, the mission that he has agreed to be in alignment with it. Before considering any institutional healthcare reform, one must ensure whether all MeD duties are efficiently implemented and applied, because they may be simply relinquished. Guided by wisdom and fairness and using reasonable authority, MeD s can be true local health governors and together they can contribute to a more efficient and accessible healthcare system.
Any trait evoked or discussed in this paper and potentially found in any healthcare system, institution or personality is purely and simply an incidental finding. Author Contributions. Conceived and designed the experiments: AK. Analyzed the data: AK, BR. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: AK, BR. All authors reviewed and approved of the final version. As a requirement of publication the authors have provided signed confirmation of their compliance with ethical and legal obligations including but not limited to compliance with ICMJE authorship and competing interests guidelines, that the article is neither under consideration for publication nor published elsewhere, of their compliance with legal and ethical guidelines concerning human and animal research participants if applicable , and that permission has been obtained for reproduction of any copyrighted material.
This article was subject to blind, independent, expert peer review. The included literature focuses on the leadership styles of Democratic, Autocratic, Transformational, Laissez-Faire, and Servant leadership, with a focus on transformational leadership as most of the literature points to transformational leadership style. There is a tremendous amount of literature dedicated to the discussion of leadership. The earliest research focused on the traits, skills, and styles of the leader.
Over time, researchers considered the context of the situation and how to motivate followers. But it was not until fairly recently that researchers began to explore the transactional nature of relations between leaders and followers. This paper will review. There are of course many best practices that one can study to improve their ability to communicate. However, it can be difficult to distinguish different success factors responsible for effective. Parris and J. Peachey in but published in the Journal. Abstract The authors of the review state that they focused on providing an informed answer to how servant leadership works and how it could be applied in organisations.
A systematic literature review was conducted with a final tally of 39 studies deemed appropriate for the exercise. The chosen studies revealed the following: 1. There is no single definition for servant leadership 2. There …show more content… The theory of Servant Leadership This review acknowledges that additional empirical research is needed on servant leadership especially its current and potential future role in organisations.
The authors state that Greenleaf warned that servant leadership would be extremely difficult to apply in an operational setting such as a company. Several reviews have been conducted to provide insight into servant leadership as a theory.