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Nearly 50 non-animal tests are already available, with many more in development. Compared to animal tests, these modern alternatives can more closely mimic how humans respond to cosmetic ingredients and products; they are also often more efficient and cost-effective. Advanced non-animal tests represent the very latest techniques that science has to offer, replacing outdated animal tests that were developed decades ago.
We—along with our partner, Humane Society International —are committed to ending animal testing forever. Through our Be Cruelty-Free campaign, we are working in the United States and around the globe to create a world where animals no longer have to suffer to produce lipstick and shampoo. Learn how to keep animal testing out of your shopping cart with our easy tips and tricks! Cosmetics testing FAQ. Get the facts about cosmetics animal testing and our fight to end this cruel and unnecessary practice worldwide. Contents What products are considered cosmetics? Where can I buy cruelty-free products? Is animal testing legally required for cosmetics sold in the United States?
Where is cosmetics animal testing mandatory? Where is cosmetics animal testing banned? Why do some cosmetics companies still use animal testing? What cosmetics tests are performed on animals? Are there other arguments against testing on animals? What are the alternatives to animal testing? What is the HSUS doing to end cosmetics animal testing? What can I do to help animals used in cosmetics tests? Take Action. Urge your federal legislators to support the Humane Cosmetics Act. Send a Message. What products are considered cosmetics? Back to top Where can I buy cruelty-free products? Back to top Where is cosmetics animal testing mandatory? Back to top Where is cosmetics animal testing banned?
Back to top Why do some cosmetics companies still use animal testing? Back to top What cosmetics tests are performed on animals? These can include: Skin and eye irritation tests where chemicals are rubbed onto the shaved skin or dripped into the eyes of restrained rabbits, without any pain relief. Tests that deliver doses of chemical substances to mice through repeated force-feeding. These tests last weeks or months so researchers can look for signs of general illness or specific health hazards such as cancer or birth defects. Widely condemned "lethal dose" tests, in which rats are forced to swallow large amounts of chemicals to determine the dose that causes death.
Back to top Are there other arguments against testing on animals? It is estimated that more than million animals worldwide are used in laboratory experiments every year. But because only a small proportion of countries collect and publish data concerning animal use for testing and research, the precise number is unknown. For example, in the United States, up to 90 percent of the animals used in laboratories purpose-bred rats, mice and birds, fish, amphibians, reptiles and invertebrates are excluded from the official statistics, meaning that figures published by the U.
Department of Agriculture are no doubt a substantial underestimate. Within the European Union, more than 12 million animals are used each year, with France, Germany and the United Kingdom being the top three animal using countries. Although these animals still endure the stresses and deprivation of life in the sterile laboratory environment, their lives are not recorded in official statistics. HSI believes that complete transparency about animal use is vital and that all animals bred, used or killed for the research industry should be included in official figures. See some animal use statistics.
For nearly a century, drug and chemical safety assessments have been based on laboratory testing involving rodents, rabbits, dogs, and other animals. Aside from the ethical issues they pose—inflicting both physical pain as well as psychological distress and suffering on large numbers of sentient creatures—animal tests are time- and resource-intensive, restrictive in the number of substances that can be tested, provide little understanding of how chemicals behave in the body, and in many cases do not correctly predict real-world human reactions. Trying to mirror human diseases or toxicity by artificially creating symptoms in mice, dogs or monkeys has major scientific limitations that cannot be overcome.
Very often the symptoms and responses to potential treatments seen in other species are dissimilar to those of human patients. As a consequence, nine out of every 10 candidate medicines that appear safe and effective in animal studies fail when given to humans. Drug failures and research that never delivers because of irrelevant animal models not only delay medical progress, but also waste resources and risk the health and safety of volunteers in clinical trials. The sequencing of the human genome and birth of functional genomics, the explosive growth of computer power and computational biology, and high-speed robot automation of cell-based in vitro screening systems, to name a few, has sparked a quiet revolution in biology.
Together, these innovations have produced new tools and ways of thinking that can help uncover exactly how chemicals and drugs disrupt normal processes in the human body at the level of cells and molecules. From there, scientists can use computers to interpret and integrate this information with data from human and population-level studies. The resulting predictions regarding human safety and risk are potentially more relevant to people in the real world than animal tests. The wider field of human health research could benefit from a similar shift in paradigm.
Many disease areas have seen little or no progress despite decades of animal research. Some million people currently suffer from asthma, yet only two types of treatment have become available in the last 50 years. More than a thousand potential drugs for stroke have been tested in animals, but only one of these has proved effective in patients. A large-scale re-investment in human-based not mouse or dog or monkey research aimed at understanding how disruptions of normal human biological functions at the levels of genes, proteins and cell and tissue interactions lead to illness in our species could advance the effective treatment or prevention of many key health-related societal challenges of our time.
In most other parts of the world there is currently no such legal imperative, leaving scientists free to use animals even where non-animal approaches are available. Old habits die hard, and globally there is still a lack of knowledge of and expertise in cutting-edge non-animal techniques. We are leading efforts globally to encourage scientists, companies and policy-makers to transition away from animal use in favour of 21st century methods.
Our work brings together experts from around the globe to share knowledge and best practice, improving the quality of research by replacing animals in the laboratory. It is often argued that because animal experiments have been used for centuries, and medical progress has been made in that time, animal experiments must be necessary. But this is missing the point. History is full of examples of flawed or basic practices and ideas that were once considered state-of-the-art, only to be superseded years later by something far more sophisticated and successful.
Those early ideas are part of aviation history, but no-one would seriously argue that they represent the cutting-edge of design or human achievement.